1. HE. President Mohamoud Silanyo, Ministers, Development Partners, Distinguished Guests. It is a pleasure to be making the opening statement on behalf of the development partners at this year’s High Level Aid Coordination Forum.
2. The UNFPA led Population Estimation Survey data shows some of the highest rates of literacy in the eastern regions of Somaliland, major shifts occurring in nomadic lifestyles, but fundamentally a recognisable level of stability and alternative economic opportunities. This shows that stability is paying off in Somaliland, and as the world is changing Somaliland needs to retain its comparative advantage especially in a future where concessional international financing becomes available.
3. We understand the extreme challenges from drought. Many Somalilanders are coping with the effects of consecutive poor harvests and livestock losses. Donors reacted to the International appeal in March and supplied cash transfers to vulnerable communities and a range of drought relief actions. But there is a need for a stronger focus on preventative action and drought resilience. Displacement continues to be faced by many in this region, and the recurrent climatic challenges add to the numbers. Increasing global interest in identifying durable solutions, so evident at the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul, is a window of opportunity to be explored.
4. Somaliland’s National Development Plan needs to capture future priorities for growth, revenue generation and jobs.
>:The recent review of the last National Development Plan provides recommendations for the next plan to be: “strategic, realistic, owned and funded”.
>:We commend the Government on working towards a consultative process and a National Development Plan roadmap that we will engage in further as it progresses. The private sector needs to be included to rally key actors in the economy towards agreed priorities.
>:Somaliland needs to secure a ‘no objection’ to the Somaliland Special Arrangement as the basis for future engagement with the International community.
>:The Somaliland Special Arrangement coordination structure will need attention and an agreement on the way forward
5. The Berbera Port and Corridor have enormous potential and are likely to be a vital part of Somaliland’s future. We look forward to hearing more about the Berbera Port deal with DP World, and how to ensure that it fully serves Somaliland’s interest
6. Somaliland has a proven record of delivering credible elections since 2001. Elections for both parliament and the presidency should be held in March 2017 in line with the Constitutional Court’s ruling. There should be no further delay. Elections respond to the legitimate aspirations of your people.
>:Donors finance around 75% of Somaliland’s elections costs – including salaries – but this will come to an end just after the voter registration in October. Therefore, it is important to think about alternative ways to finance the costs of the electoral cycle from Somaliland’s public expenditure, and to put in place the mechanisms to generate more domestic revenue generation.
>:The inclusion of women in politics. Somaliland has among the lowest women’s inclusion rates in the world – only 1.2% in its parliament. The global yardstick being a 30% quota. Somaliland has impressive women’s participation in its Cabinet, but this needs to be mirrored in the new Parliament.
7. Parliament needs to play its part. It has now sat for almost 12 years stretching the limits of democratic norms and members of parliament needs to show their legitimacy by:
>:Passing a revised House of Representatives Law so that parliamentary elections can be held in March 2017.
>Enacting all 5 Public Financial Laws which form the foundation for financial integrity and transparency.
>:Resolve issues with the Commercial Banking Law to support investment in Somaliland business and growth.
>:Enact Energy and Company Laws for local and foreign investment.
8. It is essential for the Government to continue with its reform agenda and not to be blown off course by the elections. Between now and the elections the Government needs to deliver:
>:Revenue reform. Without access to more revenue Somaliland cannot provide services the people of Somaliland expect.
>:Public Financial Management reform. Credible accounting and transparent reporting are critical for the management of public resources.
>:Civil Service reform. We welcome the civil servant headcount exercise with the World Bank. This will inform the wage bill, support fiscal planning, and a future pension.
>:We encourage the government to accelerate other ‘doing business’ reforms. Enforce laws, streamline procedures, register businesses, and reduce the cost of doing business.
9. We remain committed to continuing the dialogue on human rights. As you will be aware the International Community has concerns around:
>:The resumption of the death penalty.
>:The case against the Human Rights Defender, Guleid Jama.
>:The repression of journalists, political actors and institutions, especially in the run-up to the elections
10. We welcome the resumption of talks with Somalia. It is important that development continues to be the uncontentious element in this partnership. With elections coming up in Somaliland and to the south there are limits to what can be accomplished on some of the bigger issues. We therefore support an increase in overall dialogue, while recognising that the more practical issues are likely to be the priority.
11. Our sincerest thanks to H.E. the President of Somaliland and the organisers of this year’s high level aid coordination forum. We look forward to a productive couple of days exploring the policy choices around the national development plan, the elections, and the challenges from drought and climatic change.
Dubai Port World, the port operator with terminals from Brazil to China, has signed an agreement with the government of Somaliland to co-invest $442 million (Dh1.62 billion) in the Port of Berbera.
The two parties have signed a term-sheet agreement to form a joint venture company that will “invest and manage” and transform the port into a “regional and logistic hub,” according to DP World statement sent to Gulf News on Wednesday.
It is understood the agreement was signed during a recent visit to Dubai Port World’s offices in Dubai by Somaliland officials.
Somaliland’s President Ahmad Mohammad Mohamoud was reportedly in the UAE last week.
The agreement sets the basic terms for the investment that includes investing $442 million in the port “over time.
The investment also includes the setting up of a free zone, the statement said.
The development of the Port of Berbera “will provide an additional gateway for Ethiopia that is needed for its growth and serve other land-locked countries along the east coast of Africa,” DP World said.
In March 2015, Dubai-owned P&O Ports said it had entered into “preliminary discussions” with the government of Somaliland to develop ports in the region.
P&O Ports is a sister company of DP World but does not share the same ownership structure.
DP World is owned by Dubai investment company Dubai World while P&O Ports is owned by state entity Ports, Customs and Free Zone Corporation (PCFC). Sultan Ahmad Bin Sulayem is the chairman of DP World and PCFC.
Source: Gulf News
UK promoting stability and prosperity in Somaliland
The Head of DFID Somalia, Phil Evans, visited Somaliland in February 2016 to attend a High Level Delegation meeting to discuss and review development support to Somaliland.
Mr Evans together with Ambassadors to Somalia from Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands and accompanied by Government of Somaliland officials visited Hargeisa Urban Water Supply Upgrading Project which is funded by the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF). The new water pipeline replaces the 40-year-old existing pipeline system with a new high-capacity single-transmission main, thus bringing more water into the municipal system. The new water supply pipeline, together with the new Geed Deeble pumping station that will be constructed over the coming 12 months, is designed for a capacity of 20 million litres of water per day. As a first step to increase the water production, four new boreholes at Hora Haadley are currently nearing completion, with very promising yields and the project is expected to be completed by January 2017. These important infrastructure works will lay the foundation for other ongoing and future water expansion works that will give an additional 132,000 people in Hargeisa access to water.
During the visit, Somaliland Minister for National Planning and Development, Mr Ali Hussein Ismail, thanked DFID and its funding partners for their continued support to the Somaliland Development Fund and added that project was a good example of the principle of aid effectiveness.
Improved water infrastructure
In supporting improved availability and access to clean and affordable water for Hargeisa residents, DFID Somalia through the Somaliland Development Fund and in partnership with the European Union are supporting the Hargeisa Urban Water Supply Upgrading Project (HUWSUP). The project is implemented by UN-Habitat, in partnership with the Hargeisa Water Agency and the Somaliland Ministry of Water Resources.
The Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) is a 4-year multi-donor fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) in the implementation of the National Development Plan. All projects funded by the SDF are fully aligned with the Somaliland National Development Plan. DFID has contributed £25 million out of the £50 million fund budget. Other contributions have been made by Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands.
On March 30th, 2016 the Ministry of National Planning and Development and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) held a strategic review meeting at Ambassador Hotel, Hargeisa.
The aim of the meeting was the Government of Somaliland, UNDP, and Donor counterparts jointly take stock of cooperation and measure progress towards objectives in 2015, as well as validate preliminary discussions on 2016 work plans, in the framework of the Somaliland Special Arrangement (SSA) related to the New Deal Compact.
The 2016 annual work plans are the result of a dialogue between donors, Government institutions, and UNDP projects and programmes, and reflect the priority results and activities to be achieved in 2016.
The Minister of National Planning and Development His excellence Ali Ismail Jirde officially opened the meeting. After welcoming words the Minister expressed his pleasure to participate such meeting. He said “It is our pleasure to be here and discuss what has been achieved in 2015 and plan priories of 206 together”. “I would like to stress that Somaliland should receive its fair share of UNDP Multi-partner Trust Fund” he added. He also emphasized that Trust Fund distributions is subject to Donor
By Saad Ali Shire, Somaliland Minister of Foreign Affairs
The devastating impacts of climate change are a reality faced each day in Somaliland.
Thousands of people who overcame tremendous odds to gain independence and rebuild their lives after conflict are now being displaced. Even the indigenous justice mechanisms that laid the foundations for the peace and stability that prevail in Somaliland now face an existential threat from climate change.
Somaliland has the critical ingredients to respond to this crisis on the ground and can uniquely contribute to global issues like climate change, but to do this the international community must recognize Somaliland so that the peace that was so hard-won could be maintained. The alternative is that we risk conflict over scarce resources not just in Somaliland but in the wider Horn of Africa region.
Somaliland is one of the countries that have contributed least to bring about climate change. It has no major industries, a limited carbon footprint and ecologically sound traditions. It has some of the richest solar and wind resources in the world, and has pledged itself to a carbon neutral future.
And yet it finds itself bearing the brunt of the devastating impacts of climate change.
Somaliland is currently suffering from its worst drought in decades. After failure of the main rains for two consecutive years more than 240,000 people have been left without enough food and up to 40 percent of Somaliland's livestock has been decimated, in a country where livestock accounts for 80 percent of foreign earnings and 40 percent of GDP.