The increasing demand for more and better statistics has brought to the front position the importance of statistics as a strategic resource for national and international development. Statistics are now recognized internationally as part of the enabling environment for the development.
They constitute an essential element in improving the ability of the government to develop appropriate policies, manage the economy and social development reform policies, monitor improvements in the living standards of the people and report back this progress to the public using solid evidences. Statistics are needed by organizations other than governments (both international and local).According to the World Bank, good quality statistical data are needed to manage results, to set targets and monitor outcomes, to design development policies and strategies, to make evidence-based decisions about allocation and management of scarce resource.
The coming quotation was said by minister of finance and economic development Tanzania, honorable Mustafa H Mkulo (MP) during a press conference on official launching of new GDP estimates, 2001.“You can’t measure the government’s performance without having good statistics from a reliable source which is authorized to provide official statistics in the country”
Uses of statistics:
In general, statistics can be defined as a branch of applied research which is concerned with the development and application methods for collecting, organizing, presenting, analyzing and interpreting quantitative data in such a way that the reliability of conclusions based on data may be evaluated in terms of probability statements. The statistical methods and procedures are use full for socio-economic development. Statistical methods are applied to enormous numerical facts with an objective that “behind every figure there’s a story”. Thus, it can be used in a diversified field of study; some of the functions of statistics can be as follows:
- To present facts in a definite form.
- Statistics facilitates comparisons.
- Statistics gives guidance in the formulation of suitable policies.
- Statistics can be formulated well in advance for predictions.
- Statistical methods are helpful in formulating, testing hypothesis and develop new theories.
Somaliland Statistics system development:
The government of Somaliland in recognition the fact socio-economic planning and policy formulation requires quality and reliable data that responses sustainable development and poverty reduction. The government is now in commitment to improve the national statistics system. This was confirmed by the presidential decree No-013/112007 dated on 28th May 2008. The presidential decree mentioned that all government institutions establish planning/statistics department, that has their mandate to plan, administer and improve their capacities under the guidance of the central statistics department.
The Central Statistics Department (CSD) was established under the Ministry of National Planning & Development in 1997.The main objective was to build up an efficient functioning institution that has the capacity to enhance official statistics of data collection, processing, analysis, interpretation and dissemination using international standards to produce timely, accurate and reliable data. CSD is the authority source of official statistics in Somaliland. National statistical regulations define “official statistics” as statistics produced/compiled in the scope of nationwide census or sample survey by national statistics offices and state organs e.g. ministries and other government agencies. The department is responsible for coordinating, monitoring and supervising the entire National Statistics System. CSD had successfully designed and implemented the legal framework and an action plan to build up its capacity to mature and direct all statistical activities in the guidance of UN- fundamental principles official statistics.
Since then, the central statistics department as the prime factor for coordination of statistical activities ought to guide the principals and strategies of the national statistics system. The department has developed two legislation frameworks that might be working as the traffic light for statistical activities. These are the statistics law and National Strategy for the Development of Statistics (2013-2017). The strategy addresses the structural challenges to achieve a reliable national statistical system. The NSS is a coherent, comprehensive that promote a culture of evidence based policy and plays an important role in coordination and standard setting of statistical data collection at national level.
The department is justifying and advocating here the importance of statistics and communicate the public. This advocacy is primarily focuses on the National Strategy for Development of Statistics and the Statistics laws because, both are the fields were changes may occur. A well designed, well-financed NSDS leads to better use of statistics, better decision making and better development outcomes.Consequently, here the department would like to educate and disseminate to stakeholders, some selected versions of translated statistics law which contains five chapters in fifteen articles that both the two houses of parliament (elders, representatives) and the president signed and come in force.
Article one: Name of the law
This law is cited as statistics law of the republic of Somaliland
Article three: Application
This law shall be apply to designated statistics, but not to any statistics related to defense or security.
Article four: Central statistics department
a) The existing Statistics department in the Ministry of planning and development shall hence forth be known as the central statistics department.
b) The department shall be headed by a Director who shall, in addition to qualifications prescribed in the Civil Service law, have experience in the field of statistics.
c) The CSD shall be the principal data collecting and disseminating institution responsible coordinating, monitoring and supervising the national statistics system to cover matters specified in designated statistic schedule.
Article seven: Information to be confidential
Information to be confidential all information received under the provisions of this law or regulations shall be treated as confidential and shall not be disclosed to an unauthorized person except for the Purposes of this law or under order of a court.
Article eight: Improper disclosure
Any person who:
a) Being an employee of the department discloses to any person without lawful authority any information acquired person by him in the course of his employment; or
b) Having possession of any information, which to his knowledge has been disclosed in contravention of his Law, discloses that information to any other person, shall be guilty of an offence and, where the act does not constitute a more serious offence, shall be liable to be punished with a fine for an amount not exceeding 500,000 to 1,000,000 SL. Sh or imprison six months or both such fine and imprisonment.
Article nine: Other Offences
- Any person who:
a) Refuses to answer or willfully gives a false answer to any question essential for obtaining information required to be obtained under this Law or regulations:
b) Willfully makes a false statement or return or furnishes false information connection with this Law or regulations;
c) Refuses or without lawful excuse neglects to comply with or acts contravention of any of the provisions of this Law or regulations for which no specific penalty is provided. Shall be guilty of an offence and, where the act or omission does not constitute a more serious offence, shall be liable to be punished with a fine for amount not exceeding Sl. Sh 300,000/= or imprisonment for term not exceeding three months or both such fine and imprisonment.
- No person shall be prosecuted for an offence under this Article without a written compliant of the Director or any officer authorized by him.
PR- documentation & data dissemination section,
Central Statistics Department.
Hargeisa, Somaliland. On 8 February 2016 – a delegation of three Ambassadors from Denmark, Netherlands and Norway and the Head of DFID Somalia - whose countries contribute to the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) - visited two projects currently implemented by the Fund. The Ambassadors were accompanied by Senior Government of Somaliland (GoSL) officials and they saw first-hand the upgrading of Hargeisa Urban Water Supply and the rehabilitation of the Kalabaydh – Dila road, both funded by the SDF.
The Hargeisa Urban Water Supply Upgrading Project (HUWSUP) is jointly funded by the European Union and the Somaliland Development Fund to the tune of EUR 15 million and USD 8.6 million respectively. The Project is implemented by UN-Habitat, in partnership with the Hargeisa Water Agency and the Somaliland Ministry of Water Resources. The overall objective of the project is to improve access to safe and affordable water and improve the livelihoods of vulnerable households in Hargeisa city, through expanded supply of drinking water from sustainable water sources, and associated creation of employment opportunities.
The new water pipeline replaces the 40-year-old existing pipeline system with a new high-capacity single-transmission main, thus bringing more water into the municipal system. The new water supply pipeline, together with the new Geed Deeble pumping station that will be constructed over the coming 12 months, is designed for a capacity of 20 million litres of water per day. As a first step to increase the water production, four new boreholes at Hora Haadley are currently nearing completion, with very promising yields and the project is expected to be completed by January 2017. These important infrastructure works will lay the foundation for other ongoing and future water expansion works that will give an additional 132,000 people in Hargeisa access to water.
Since the construction of the Kalabaydh – Dila road in the 1980s, very little maintenance work has been carried out leading to deterioration of the surface as evidenced by the many potholes and worn off road edges, sometimes resulting in serious accidents and increasing the journey time for goods and freight up to Berbera Port. SDF allocated USD 2.7M for full rehabilitation of the entire road section, a total of 19.2Km to acceptable engineering standards. The works also include installation of speed bumps and road signs as crucial road safety measures. The works are expected to be completed by June 2016 and the road is expected to offer safer travel conditions on the road, reduced travel times between the towns connected by the road and reduced vehicle operating costs.
From the GoSL side, the members of the delegation were the Minister of National Planning and Development Mr Ali Hussein Ismail, State Minister of Finance, Mohamed Dualeh, the Minister of Public Works, Housing and Transport Mr. Mr. Ali Hassan Mohamed and CEO of Hargeisa Water Agency Mr. Ibrahim Siyad.
Commenting on the visit on behalf of the visiting Ambassadors, Danish Ambassador, Ms. Mette Knudsen said: 'It is with great pleasure to have witnessed the impressive and tangible results of our investments through the SDF. We hope that the people of Somaliland will feel the real benefits of our support in key areas of development such as water and infrastructure. Further we encourage the government to ensure the continued maintenance and further improvement of these important investments”.
Speaking for the Government of Somaliland during the same event, Mr Ali Hussein Ismail, the Minister of National Planning and Development said: "I would like to express my gratitude to Ambassadors who took the time to come to witness what the what the government is doing with your donations through the SDF. The SDF Story is one of happiness, a demonstration of the principle of aid effectiveness. What we are seeing today speaks better of the achievements of the Fund than all the reports. We continue the urge donors to know that SDF is our preferred channel of aid to our country because we have seen it work, it is effective, and we own it. We can tell how each and every dollar is spent. Thank you very much for your support to Somaliland people”.
The SDF is a 4- year multi-donor fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) in filling critical gaps that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP) and the Somaliland Special Arrangement of the New Deal. The SDF funds a range of projects in a aligned to the pillars of the National Development Plan namely; Economy (Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries), Infrastructure (Roads, Water), Social (Education and Health) and Environment
The outgoing Minister of National Planning Dr. Sacad Ali Shire handed over the mantle to the newly appointed Minister of National planning and Development Hon Ali Ismail during a well-attended ceremony held at the Mansoor Hotel, Hargeisa.
During the handing over ceremony the outgoing Minister of National planning and Development Dr. Sacad Cali Shire gave in-depth briefing during his five years at the helm of the Ministry of National planning and Development in which he began by stating:-
The Ministry of National Planning is consists of three main department which are as follows the Administration department, Planning department and Resource department and since 2010 two more new departments have been added which coordination department and Development department. Also during that period the construction of Ministry headquarters was completed with another additional new three storey build adjacent having said that the Ministry has established in all six regions of country and employs at least 7 ministerial coordinators.
The Ministry of National Planning employs 127 permanent staff consisting enthusiastic well educated youthful of who have graduated from both and foreign universities.
The new facilities include a modern state of the art library, conference room equipment with video conference, wel equipped communication hub, and Ministry website. On the hand plans are underway to establish mapping unit for conducting surveys with the equipment needed ready in place plus the deployment of security scan all this accomplishment during Dr. Sacad Ali Shire tenure.
On the other hand the ministry of national planning has in the past 5 years initiated
- Somaliland Vision 2030
- National Development Plan (NDP) 2010- 2016
- Ministry of National Planning and Development (MoNPD) in fulfilling its mandate through a five National Development Plan (NDP) 2012-2016.
The Ministry during the time has conducted numerous research related to national population census and national output.
During that period more than 564 non-governmental organizations both local and international and the organizing holding of several high level international and local level.
Among the other projects initiated during the time include the Somaliland’s National Development Plan (NDP) provides a medium term framework for achieving the country’s long term development aspirations as embodied in Somaliland Vision 2030, and the Millennium Development Goals and The Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) is a 4 year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) in filling critical gaps that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP)funded by our partners World Bank , The Afican Development Bank , the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) and the Governments of Norway and the Netherlands.
Somaliland is a semi-arid country, and the climate is generally hot with a frequent drought and extreme variation in rainfall. Average daily temperature range from 25CO – 35CO, and are combined with strong winds and clear skies.
Many parts of Somaliland are showing signs of environmental degradation due to overgrazing, biodiversity depletion, soil erosion/ gully formation, development of unplanned feeder roads, increased settlements and uncontrolled cutting of trees for charcoal. This degradation is not only a problem to wildlife and biodiversity but also a threat to the nation and its pastoral lifestyle.
Under these circumstances, Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) has allocated funds to the Ministry of Environment and Rural Development (MoERD) to implement “Enhanced Capacity Building for Sustainable Natural Resource Management” Project.
This project focuses on environmental friendly and sustainable soil and water conservation interventions including soil bunds, check dams, establishment of forest nurseries and production of tree seedlings.
The project also enhances the capacity of MoERD to provide essential services, as per its mandate, to all regions of Somaliland through staff training and construction of seven new equipped offices.
The forestry and grazing interventions are managed through community based approaches. On that respect, the project collaborates with Village Development Committees (VDC) in the respective project locations; namely Libaxley, Geed-Deeble, Debis, Gacan-Libaax, Bookh, Lafaruug, Aroori, Tuuyo and Daallo. The VDCs are representatives of their communities acting as champions for development.
Today, charcoal producers have secured job opportunities from the project as an alternative source of income in building soil and water conservation structures.
As of today, 69 VDC members were trained on Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), range management, soil and water conservation methods, bee keeping and tree planting. These trainings are facilitated to enhance the participation of the communities in the project implementation.
Most of the project activities provide local villagers with job opportunities, these includes employment in the construction of soil and water conservation structures, protection of rehabilitated forests, bee keeping, seedling production, tree planting and other income generating activities.
The project also trained and employed 290 casual laborers -mostly young men- who were formerly engaged in charcoal production. On the other hand, 100 women were involved in seedling production and bee keeping.The project has so far rehabilitated 416 hectares of land for forestry and grazing reserves. Out of the 9 tree nurseries planned, 4 were established in Debis, Libaxley, Daallo and Gacan-Libaax localities, producing 120,000 seedlings of which 55000 were distributed to schools, farms, institutions and household in Maroodijeh and Sahil regions to promote tree planting and restore the ecosystem. The MoERD strives to be at the forefront of championing sustainable natural resources management practices in Somaliland, by inspiring the other government institutions in adopting environmentally friendly natural resources utilization for development. This project seeks to enhance the capacity of the Ministry as well as assist it in showcasing best practices in reforestation and rangeland management.
The Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) is a 4 - year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) filling a critical gap supporting projects that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP). The fund finances implementation of projects proposed and designed by Government of Somaliland line ministries which are aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP) and the specific ministries strategies.
It has been over 143 years since Julius Sterling Morton, an American environmental activist, founded Arbor Day (Tree Day). His simple idea of setting aside a special day for trees is now a practice that has expanded throughout the world to promote important environmental issues. In Somaliland, there are serious concerns about worsening environment conditions mainly due to the manmade reasons of charcoal production, deforestation, urbanization and weak conservation. In October 2015, the Somaliland Ministry of Environment and Rural Development (MoERD) decided to recognize these issues facing Somaliland by promoting the National Arbor Day through the support of the Enhanced Capacity Building for Sustainable Natural Resource Management Project – a project funded by the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF.
Go Green Plant A tree
The MoERD launched this national campaign by producing 108,000 seedlings, and distributing about 42,000 different plants to selected schools, mosques and universities in Hargeisa and the coastal town of Berbera. The motto for this campaign is “Go green, plant a tree” as a call to promote tree planting and, to sensitize local citizens in conserving the ecosystem.
Many of the schools in Hargeisa lack adequate trees and plants to enhance the beauty of the environment, and provide shade to the students. Therefore, the Ministry offered plant seedlings to 55 schools in Hargeisa and Berbera. As part of the process, students were responsible for planting the trees and catering for their growth. The availability of water in the schools and fencing to protect plants from animals were among the key criteria for each plants’ distribution.
The Enhanced Capacity Building for Sustainable Natural Resource Management Project also focuses on reforestation and the protection of forest reserves and woodland areas. It is achieving this by establishing and rehabilitating tree nurseries; providing forestry extension services; tree planting and training local communities.
The Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) is a 4 - year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) in filling critical gaps that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP). The SDF is currently funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) and the Governments of Norway and The Netherlands