Republic of Somaliland
Ministry of National Planning and Development

Somaliland is a semi-arid country, and the climate is generally hot with a frequent drought and extreme variation in rainfall.  Average daily temperature range from 25CO – 35CO, and are combined with strong winds and clear skies.

Many parts of Somaliland are showing signs of environmental degradation due to overgrazing, biodiversity depletion, soil erosion/ gully formation, development of unplanned feeder roads, increased settlements and uncontrolled cutting of trees for charcoal. This degradation is not only a problem to wildlife and biodiversity but also a threat to the nation and its pastoral lifestyle.

Under these circumstances, Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) has allocated funds to the Ministry of Environment and Rural Development (MoERD) to implement “Enhanced Capacity Building for Sustainable Natural Resource Management” Project.

This project focuses on environmental friendly and sustainable soil and water conservation interventions including soil bunds, check dams, establishment of forest nurseries and production of tree seedlings.

The project also enhances the capacity of MoERD to provide essential services, as per its mandate, to all regions of Somaliland through staff training and construction of seven new equipped offices.

The forestry and grazing interventions are managed through community based approaches. On that respect, the project collaborates with Village Development Committees (VDC) in the respective project locations; namely Libaxley, Geed-Deeble, Debis, Gacan-Libaax, Bookh, Lafaruug, Aroori, Tuuyo and Daallo. The VDCs are representatives of their communities acting as champions for development.

 Today, charcoal producers have secured job opportunities from the project as an alternative source of income in building soil and water conservation structures.

As of today, 69 VDC members were trained on Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), range management, soil and water conservation methods, bee keeping and tree planting. These trainings are facilitated to enhance the participation of the communities in the project implementation.

Most of the project activities provide local villagers with job opportunities, these includes employment in the construction of soil and water conservation structures, protection of rehabilitated forests, bee keeping, seedling production, tree planting and other income generating activities.

The project also trained and employed 290 casual laborers -mostly young men- who were formerly engaged in charcoal production. On the other hand, 100 women were involved in seedling production and bee keeping.The project has so far rehabilitated 416 hectares of land for forestry and grazing reserves. Out of the 9 tree nurseries planned, 4 were established in Debis, Libaxley, Daallo and Gacan-Libaax localities, producing 120,000 seedlings of which 55000 were distributed to schools, farms, institutions and household in Maroodijeh and Sahil regions to promote tree planting and restore the ecosystem. The MoERD strives to be at the forefront of championing sustainable natural resources management practices in Somaliland, by inspiring the other government institutions in adopting environmentally friendly natural resources utilization for development. This project seeks to enhance the capacity of the Ministry as well as assist it in showcasing best practices in reforestation and rangeland management.

The Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) is a 4 - year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) filling a critical gap supporting projects that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP). The fund finances implementation of projects proposed and designed by Government of Somaliland line ministries which are aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP) and the specific ministries strategies.

The outgoing Minister of National Planning Dr. Sacad Ali Shire handed over the mantle to the newly appointed Minister of National planning and Development Hon Ali Ismail during a well-attended ceremony held at the Mansoor Hotel, Hargeisa.

 During the handing over ceremony the outgoing Minister of National planning and Development Dr. Sacad Cali Shire gave in-depth briefing during his five years at the helm of the Ministry of National planning and Development in which he began by stating:-

The Ministry of National Planning is consists of three main department which are as follows the Administration department, Planning department and Resource department and since 2010 two more new departments have been added which coordination department and Development department. Also during that period the construction of Ministry headquarters was completed with another additional new three storey build adjacent having said that the Ministry has established in all six regions of country and employs at least 7 ministerial coordinators.

The Ministry of National Planning employs 127 permanent staff consisting enthusiastic well educated youthful of who have graduated from both and foreign universities.

The new facilities include a modern state of the art library, conference room equipment with video conference, wel equipped communication hub, and Ministry website. On the hand plans are underway to establish mapping unit for conducting surveys with the equipment needed ready in place plus the deployment of security scan all this accomplishment during Dr. Sacad Ali Shire tenure.

On the other hand the ministry of national planning has in the past 5 years initiated

  • Somaliland Vision 2030
  • National Development Plan (NDP) 2010- 2016
  • Ministry of National Planning and Development (MoNPD) in fulfilling its mandate through a five National Development Plan (NDP) 2012-2016.

The Ministry during the time has conducted numerous research related to national population census and national output.

During that period more than 564 non-governmental organizations both local and international and the organizing holding of several high level international and local level.

Among the other projects initiated during the time include the Somaliland’s National Development Plan (NDP) provides a medium term framework for achieving the country’s long term development aspirations as embodied in Somaliland Vision 2030, and the Millennium Development Goals and The Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) is a 4 year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) in filling critical gaps that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP)funded by our partners World Bank , The Afican Development Bank , the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) and the Governments of Norway and the Netherlands.


Reported by Communication HUB

Hargeisa – 11, October 2015 The Minister of Water Resource Mr. Bashe Ali Jama briefed the public about the progress of Water Resource Development projects in Somaliland. In a press conference, the Minister of Water Resources outlined the progress made by the different components of the Water Resource Development project implemented by the Ministry.

Speaking on achievements by the project, the Minister explained that activities for expansion of Burao urban water supply system have moved to implementation phase following completion of tendering processes. The Minister pointed out that in two months’ time, the Ministry plans to  commence construction of  14 Km pipeline and install additional 2x100 m3 elevated tanks in Burao toe enable the expansion process.

The minister also cited that a contractor to conduct Las’anod Water study and borehole testing is expected to arrive within a week and commence the exploration works. For many years,  Las’anod has been the only regional capital in Somaliland without a water supply distribution system. At the end of the exploration work, the Ministry plans to start drilling of exploration boreholes and develop 25 year Master Plan.

On the other hand, the Minister stated that 7 springs were constructed in Dubar, as part of the expansion to Berbera Water Supply System which will be handed over to Berbera Water Agency for management. The Minister has described as null and void to rumours that the Ministry intends to hand over the completed springs to private companies. “This is just rumours in the market! The water ( Dubar springs) will not be handed over to anybody ( private companies) and it is not even  the intention of the Ministry to do so” remarked the Minister.

On a similar tone, the Minister expressed that Eil-Afwein water project which consist of borehole drilling is closely coordinated with a petroleum exploration company in the region. The company plans to construct boreholes which if successful, the Ministry will link to the city. “ We only had about $50,000 USD for Eil-Afweyn water project. Now we secured additional $600, 000 USD from SDF for connecting the water supply system to the city” stated the Minister.

Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) allocated some funding to the Ministry of Water Resources to implement Water Resource Development project in several locations across Somaliland including Berbera, Las Anod, , Burao, Gargooray , Hadaaftimo El Afwein , Fiqifuliye and Kulal . The projects aim to Improve availability and access to water in Somaliland in a sustainable and equitable way for all different uses, in a manner that is environmentally safe.

The Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) is a 4 - year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) in filling critical gaps that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP). The SDF is currently funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) and the Governments of Norway and The Netherlands.


It has been over 143 years since Julius Sterling Morton, an American environmental activist, founded Arbor Day (Tree Day). His simple idea of setting aside a special day for trees is now a practice that has expanded throughout the world to promote important environmental issues. In Somaliland, there are serious concerns about worsening environment conditions mainly due to the manmade reasons of charcoal production, deforestation, urbanization and weak conservation. In October 2015, the Somaliland Ministry of Environment and Rural Development (MoERD) decided to recognize these issues facing Somaliland by promoting the National Arbor Day through the support of the Enhanced Capacity Building for Sustainable Natural Resource Management Project – a project funded by the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF.

Go Green Plant A tree

The MoERD launched this national campaign by producing 108,000 seedlings, and distributing about 42,000 different plants to selected schools, mosques and universities in Hargeisa and the coastal town of Berbera. The motto for this campaign is “Go green, plant a tree” as a call to promote tree planting and, to sensitize local citizens in conserving the ecosystem.

 Many of the schools in Hargeisa lack adequate trees and plants to enhance the beauty of the environment, and provide shade to the students. Therefore, the Ministry offered plant seedlings to 55 schools in Hargeisa and Berbera. As part of the process, students were responsible for planting the trees and catering for their growth. The availability of water in the schools and fencing to protect plants from animals were among the key criteria for each plants’ distribution.

 The Enhanced Capacity Building for Sustainable Natural Resource Management Project also focuses on reforestation and the protection of forest reserves and woodland areas. It is achieving this by establishing and rehabilitating tree nurseries; providing forestry extension services; tree planting and training local communities.

 The Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) is a 4 - year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) in filling critical gaps that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP). The SDF is currently funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA) and the Governments of Norway and The Netherlands

As the Government in Copenhagen embarks on the second phase of a local development program worth over $30m spanning three years from mid-2015.

The awareness about Somaliland is increasing among citizens in Denmark and more and more Danes are getting aware Somaliland is different from SouthCentral and Mogadishu.

This was informed by the Danish International Development Agency-DANIDA Somaliland country office program coordinator Michael Thyge Poulsen during an interview with Somalilandsun in Hargeisa where he briefed on the multi-faceted support by the government of Denmark and by Danish NGO’s.
On the increased awareness of Somaliland by Danish citizens Mr Poulsen cited that hopefully more than 700. 000 USD contributions by high school students in his country that will be accrued from Operation Day’s Work and contributed to five local schools in the country.
The concept is for the schools to allow the students to leave their high school and work for a single day. The pay for this day of work goes to whatever charity the organization behind the national committee decides. Originally it was called “A Day for Dag”.

Operation Day’s Work is a charity program based on volunteering by high school students and an idea that originates from Sweden where it was established in order to honour the former Secretary-General of the United Nations, Dag Hammarskjold. Operation Day Work Denmark was established in 1984.

which is the development arm of the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the only foreign development agency with full time international l staff coordinating its external aid in Somaliland. The office oversees, coordinates and monitors implementation of the Somalia Country in Somaliland and to some extent in Puntland. The programme focus Governance, Inclusive Economic Growth; and Somali Compact Support – Financing Windows in which local intervention based on the Somaliland Special Arrangements (SSA) and the Somali Compact.
SSA is a partnership based on the relationship between Somaliland and the international community which was established at the 2013 Brussels Conference, during the presentation and endorsement of the Somali Compact.
Denmark’s development engagement is based on the aspiration to contribute to a stable country that will be able to cater for its own security and build institutions that can foster an inclusive economic, social and environmental sustainable development that assures individual security, the rights of the individual, and creates improved livelihood conditions.
“To facilitate this in our local programs in Somaliland approximately half of the over $70m are expected to be allocated The Somalia Country Programme (SCP) 2015 to 2018.
The Denmark SCP is composed of the following thematic areas

Thematic Programme 1 objective on governance:
To consolidate basic governance institutions at the local and national levels, in line with a long-term ambition for Somalia to develop transparent, participatory and accountable government institutions, systems, and practices.
Thematic Programme 2 (TP2) objective on inclusive economic growth:
To initiate sustainable and inclusive poverty reduction and economic growth by supporting basic regulatory frameworks and capacities, private sector opportunities and critical sector value chains.
Thematic Programme 3 (TP3) objective on the Somali Compact Financing Windows:
To support multi-donor mechanisms that advance Somali Compact results in inclusive politics, economic foundations, revenue-raising and service delivery.
Michael emphasised that he finds the working environment in Somaliland very good and conducive. There is a frank and open working relationship with the Government and the civil society, as well as good coordination between the donors operating here. He is of course from time to time confronted with the issue of international recognition of the Republic of Somaliland and points of views are exchanged, but it does not as such impact the day to work and cooperation.
On the issue of impact of the past and on-going activities Michael is confident that the support makes a difference. One example is the reduced traveling time between Hargeisa and Berbera as the road is being rehabilitated with support from Somaliland Development Fund (SDF), to which Denmark Contributes. Another example will be the increased access to safe and affordable drinking water in regions of Somaliland, again through the support to SDF.
Through its Inclusive economic growth and the specific support to the livestock value chain Danida supports the IGAD Sheikh Veterinary School, the Chamber of Commerce, the Quality Control Commission and the Ministry of Livestock. The Italian NGO Terra Nova has been implementing this support for Danida during the last 3 years.
The graduates from the Sheikh Veterinary School are very competitive in job market due to high skills accrued and are actual playing an important role in both the public and private sectors thereby contributing to the livestock industry which is the economic mainstay of Somaliland. Furthermore the programme supports the research capacity of the school.

The Somaliland chamber of commerce and agriculture (CC&A) and the Quality Control Commission (QCC) also a beneficiary of the Inclusive Economic Growth that aim is to create a conducive environment for the private sector through better regulation, public investment in critical infrastructure, increasing government revenue efficiently and contributing to poverty reduction through strengthened resilience and improved livelihood for the most vulnerable people.
Danida is also supporting inclusive economic growth through the World Bank business sector programme, with the objective to improve access to markets and generate employment in key productive and service sectors. One of the probably most well know project under this programme was Somaliland Business, which supported 174 small and medium sized enterprises.
In the 2015-2018 SCP the World Bank support to small and medium sized companies will continue through -the “Catalytic fund” -that shall infuse businesses grants to local entrepreneurs as an economic growth stimulus that shall translate in creation of much employment opportunities necessary for poverty alleviation.
On its multi-pronged partnership with the government of Somaliland Danida is actively engaged in the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF ) which was originally established with funding from Denmark and UK when it was recognised that the government of Somaliland (GOSL) lacked the capacity to design, prioritise, finance and implement development projects. Later Norway and the Netherlands have joined the fund. SDF is the GOSL’s preferred vehicle for receiving and channelling development funds, as defined in the SSA.

From the above it might be construed, wrongly, that Danida only channels its program funds through the government but in the contrary a number of international and local NGO’s are implementing partners.
Danida has previously supported Academy for Peace and Development-APD that has been an active partner in the democratization process through implementation of civic education as well as voter registration and related research. n the 2015-18 programs new partners include the Somaliland Non-State Actors Forum –Sonsaf and safer world that shall implement activities revolving around the forthcoming parliamentary and presidential elections slated for Somaliland in March 2017.
Others NGO’s include Save the children Denmark receives 75% of its local operational and program funds from Danida while Danish Refugee agency-DRC and a number of others are availed substantial budgetary subsidizes. This funding is provided by Danida though it Civil Society funds and is in addition to what is provided through the SCP.
Asked if he would like his family and friends to visit Somaliland the country program coordinator says that he will be more than happy to introduce them to this hospital people, their culture and fascinating country.
The entire Denmark Country program for Somalia is available here in PDF